Web sites remove data, citing security concerns in wake of attacks
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK Before Sept. 11, you could have visited the Federation of American Scientists' Web site for diagrams and photos of U.S. intelligence facilities. You could have gone to another Web site and learned of gatherings at North Dakota's Minot Air Force Base. And you could have gone online and ordered maps of military installations.
Concerned they could be aiding terrorists, some government and private Web sites have decided to stop sharing quite so much potentially sensitive data.
Meanwhile, on the premise that loose lips sink ships, the Pentagon is asking major defense contractors to be careful what they say about the weapons they make.
As for moves by some government and private groups to remove sensitive data from their Web sites, such measures would not prevent terrorists from turning to libraries or even other Web sites for information that could be useful in attacks.
"But that is not a justification for publishing it in easily accessible ways. Let them work for it," said Steven Aftergood, senior research analyst at the scientists' group.
The private organization removed from the Web its research containing locations, building layouts and aerial images of intelligence offices, some unacknowledged by the U.S. government.
Also removed were details on nuclear sites abroad. Aftergood said discussions in his organization about what should go online are not new, but before Sept. 11, "the threat was not as
tangible as it has unfortunately become."
Minot removed clues about where personnel may be gathering, along with schedules of activities and locations of military housing units.
The National Imagery and Mapping Agency suspended online and offline sales of maps of military installations as well as its highest-resolution maps of other U.S. locations.
The U.S. Office of Pipeline Safety now restricts its mapping software and pipeline data to industry and government officials, while the Environmental Protection Agency removed information on chemical plants and their emergency response plans.
"People have a right to know what kinds of risks there are, but unfortunately terrorists are people, too," said Jim Makris, the EPA's emergency coordinator.
The reports are still available in EPA reading rooms, but Makris said identification is required.
Jeremiah Baumann of the U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a private watchdog organization, criticized the EPA's decision and said the data "would not be very useful to terrorists."
Still, Baumann's group took down a 1999 report based on the EPA data to avoid provoking a debate on public disclosure at this time.
Removing material from the Internet is also occurring for non-security reasons.
Some online forums have deleted hate messages attacking Muslims. A news site, Irish Republican Activist Radio, suspended operations out of fear it may be accused of supporting terrorism and see it assets seized.
The removed or restricted materials represent only a tiny piece of what is available on the Internet, but First Amendment advocates are worried this is only the beginning.
"It's a fine balance that must be struck here, but in wartime, the temptation is always to greater censorship rather than less," said Adam Powell, vice president for technology and programs at The Freedom Forum.
The full extent to which terrorists used the Internet to plot the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks is unclear. But one hijacker who listed a flight school as his address on a pilot's license may have gotten it from printed brochures or the Internet, while some of the hijackers used online travel sites such as Travelocity to buy their airline tickets.
Attorney General John Ashcroft told Congress that one person in federal custody had downloaded information about crop-dusting planes, which could be used for biological or chemical attacks.
William C. Martel, professor of national security affairs at the Naval War College in Newport, R.I., called the attempt to remove material from the Internet futile.
"We can easily come into the category of shutting down the Internet," he said. "Think of how many mundane pieces of information can be used for ill purposes."
Saying the benefits outweigh the potential for misuse, Trip.com has continued to operate its FlightTracker service, which gives real-time information on the speed, altitude and location of
flights in the air.
Boeing Co. reviewed its Internet offerings the day of the attacks and left everything up. Said spokesman Bob Jorgensen, "If it has the potential of aiding and abetting the enemy, it's not out
there in the first place."
Meanwhile, the Pentagon has asked defense contractors to watch what they say about the weapons they make.
The warning is the latest from officials hoping to limit what they say is sensitive information in the fight against terrorism.
In a letter faxed to the heads of 11 defense companies, E.C. "Pete" Aldridge Jr., undersecretary of defense for acquisition, asked businesses to use "discretion in all public statements, press releases and communications made by your respective companies and by your major suppliers."
"Even seemingly innocuous industrial information can reveal much about military activities and intentions to the trained intelligence collector," the letter said.
Noting that the country is "shifting to a war footing," Aldridge wrote, "Statistical, production, contracting and delivery information can convey a tremendous amount of information that hostile intelligence organizations might find relevant."
The letter echoes a theme repeated countless times a day at the Pentagon since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington. Citing security worries, public affairs officials have declined to give any details on troops, where they are going, how the war on terrorism will be fought and so on.
Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld has told journalists that anyone giving such information to the press is breaking the law and could be charged with violating national security laws.
Lockheed Martin Corp. spokesman Jim Fetig said the manufacturer had already tightened information about its military products immediately after the terrorist attacks. And Boeing Co. similarly moved on its own to limit information, said spokesman Rick Fuller.
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